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Two centuries of patents

To inspire creativity, invention, and intellectual property development in 2007 in your company, here's a list of patents over the last two centuries.

We've compiled the list in date order from data in "Patents: Bubblewrap, Bottlecaps, Barbed Wire, and Other Ingenious Inventions" by Ben Ikenson (Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, New York, 2004). The data has a US bias. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO or PTO) has granted 7 million patents and has about 7,300 employees, including 3,000 patent examiners and 400 trademark examiners.

Our list begins with Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin (as illustrated). Thomas Jefferson (the principal author of the 1776 Declaration of Independence and member of the patent board wrote a letter to Whitney in 1794 informing him of the patent. The Cotton Gin mechanised the production of cotton fiber and marks a major turning point in the economic history of the Southern United States.

      Application  Patent #  Year  Country  Inventor
   

Cotton Gin

72X 1794 US Eli Whitney
    Colt Revolver Z9430 1836 US Samuel Colt
    Telegraph 1,647 1840 US Samuel F. B. Morse
    Vulcanization of Rubber 3,633 1844 US Charles Goodyear
    Door Lock 3,630 1844 US Linus Yale
    John Deere Plow 41,203 1864 US John Deere
    Skyscraper Steel 49,051 1865 UK Henry Bessemer
    Dynamite 78,317 1868 Sweden Alfred Nobel
    Typewriter 79,265 1868 US Latham Sholes & Others
    Chewing Gum 98,304 1869 US William F. Semple
    Levi Strauss Blue Jeans 139,121 1873 US Jacob W. Davis
    Pasteurization 135,245 1873 France Louis Pasteur
    Barbed Wire 157,124 1874 US Joseph F. Glidden
    Pigeon Starter 159,846 1875 US Heny A. Rosenthal
    Telephone 174,465 1876 US Alexander Graham
    Handcuffs 200,950 1877 US John J. Tower & others
    Phonograph 200,521 1878 US Thomas A. Edison
    Coal Breaker 219,773 1879 US Philip Henry Sharp
    Statue of Liberty 11,023 1879 France Auguste Bartholde
    Light Bulb 223,898 1880 US Thomas A. Edison
    Seat belt 312,085 1885 US Edward J. Claghorn
    Roller Coaster 310,966 1885 US La Marcus A. Thompson
    Bicycle 59,915 1886 France Pierre Lallement
    Internal Combustion Engine 365,701 1887 Germany Nikolaus August Otto
    Battery 373,064 1887 Germany Carl Gassner
    Calculator 388,166 1888 US William Seward Burroughs
    Drinking Straw 375,962 1888 US Marvin C. Stone
    Jukebox 428,750 1890 US Louis Glass & William S. Arnold
    Ouija Board 446,054 1891 US Elijan J. Bond & Others
    Bottle Cap 468,226 1892 US William Painter
    Zipper 504,038 1893 US Whitcomb L. Judson
    Submarine 581,213 1897 US Simon Lake
    Zeppelin 621,195 1899 Germany Ferdinand Graf Zeppelin
    Lawn Mower 624,749 1899 US John Albert Burr
    Aspirin 644,077 1900 Germany Felix Hoffman
    Chicken Goggles 730,918 1903 US Andrew Jackson
    Radio 725,605 1903 US Nikola Tesia
    Bra 1,115,674 1905 US Mary P. Jacob
    Airplane 821,393 1906 US Orville Wright & Wilbur Wright
    Air Conditioning 808,897 1906 US Wills H. Carrier
    Vacuum Cleaner 889,823 1908 US James M. Spangler
    Roller Skates 906,281 1908 US James Leonard Plimpton
    Cellophone 981,398 1911 France Edwin Brandenberger
    Rocket 1,102,653 1914 US Robert H. Goddard
    Flush Toilet 1,107,515 1914 US Philip Haas
    Neon 1,125,476 1915 France Georges Claude
    X-Ray Tube 1,203,495 1916 US William D. Coolidge
    Cornflkaes 1,321,754 1919 US John L. Kellogg
    Parachute 1,332,143 1920 US Karl O. K. Osterday
    Traffic Signal 1,475,024 1923 US Garret A. Morgan
    Theremin 1,661,058 1929 Russia Leon Sergejewitsch Theremin
    Basketball 1,718,305 1929 US George L. Pierce
    Frozen Food 1,773,079 1930 US Clarence Birdseye
    Aerosol Can 1,800,156 1931 Norway Erik Rotheim
    Polygraph Lie Detector 1,788,434 1931 US Leonard Keeler
    Refrigeration 1,886,339 1932 US Charles F. Kettering
    Tampon 1,926,900 1933 US Earle C. Hase
    Drive-In Movie Theater 1,909,537 1933 US Richard Hollingshead
    Helicopter 1,994,488 1935 US Igor I. Sjkorsky
    Zippo Lighter 2,032,695 1936 US Gergore Gimera & George G. Blaisdell
    Vitamins 2,049,988 1936 US Robert R. Williams & others
    Television 2,139,296 1938 US Vladimir K. Zworykin
    Camera 1,582 1940 US Alexaner S. Wolcott
    Handle Guide 2,377,745 1945 Canada Emile Belanger
    Penicillin 2,442,141 1948 US Andrew J. Moyer
    PEZ Dispenser 2,620,061 1949 Austria Oskar Uxa
    Transistor 2,502,488 1950 US William Shockley
    Microwave 2,459,429 1950 US Percy L. Spencer
    Bar Code 2,612,994 1952 US Norman J. Woodland & Bernard Silver
    Fender Stratocaster D169062 1953 US Clarence L. Fender
    Peach PP15 1953 US Luther Burbank
    Nuclear Reactor 2,708,656 1955 US Enrico Fermi & Leo Szilard
    Velcro 2,717,437 1955 Switzerland George de Mestral
    Adhesive Bandage 2,823,672 1958 US Peter Schladermundt & W. H. Dennerlein
    Remote Control 2,821,954 1958 US Robert Adler
    Etch a Sketch 3,053,113 1959 France Arthur Grandjean
    Bubble Wrap 3,142,599 1964 US Marc A. Chavannes
    Respirator 3,191,596 1965 US Forrest M. Bird
    Astroturf 3,332,828 1967 US James M. Faria
    Smoke Detector 3,460,124 1969 US Randolph J. Smith
    Lva Lamp 3,570,156 1971 UK Edward C. Walker
    Artificial Heart 3,641,591 1972 Spain Willem J Koltt
    Optical Fiber 3,569,915 1972 US Donald B. Keck & Peter C. Schuiz
    Automated Teller Machine 3,761,682 1973 US Thomas R. Barnes
    Kevlar 3,819,587 1974 US Stephanie Kwolek
    Magnetic Resonance Image 3,789,832 1974 US Raymond V. Damadian
    Post-It Notes 3,857,731 1974 US Roger F. Merrill & Others
    Snowboard 4,165,091 1979 US Daniel E. Chadwick
    Genetic Engineering 4,237,224 1980 US Stanley Cohen & Herbert Boyer
    Prozac 4,314,081 1982 US Bryan B. Molloy
    Kitty Litter 4,664,064 1987 US Edward H. Lowe
    Laser Eye Surgery 4,784,135 1988 US Samuel E. Blum
    Turtle Excluder Device 4,739,574 1988 US Noah J. Saunders
    Air Bag 5,071,161 1991 US Geoffrey L. Mahon & Allen Breed
    DNA Fingerprinting 5,175,082 1992 UK Alec J. Jeffreys
    Chia Pet 5,549,500 1994 US Ron Manoah
    Reading System for Blind 6,199,042 2001 US Paymond C. Kurzwel

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