Throughout law school, law students are required to regurgitate case law and legislation in essays and exams. In a law exam, a problem is presented, and students only have to identify legal issues and apply relevant laws.
Law students graduate expecting work in a commercial law firm to involve tasks like this:
1. Client seeks advice on a particular area of law
2. Lawyer reads, listens and applies legal knowledge, avising and solving the client's problems.
3. Client follows that legal advice.
4. Lawyer bills, client pays, case closed.
Classic legal tasks one to four are only one dimension of what is required by clients, particularly start-ups and small and medium-sized businesses. These classic tasks were evolved in what has been called the purely bespoke or artisan era of legal practice.